USA Today, the country’s second largest newspaper, recently announced plans to restructure itself “from a newspaper company to a multi-platform media company.” The move comes in response to decreased circulation — down to 1.83 million from a 2007 high of 2.3 million — and nearly 50% less advertising compared to 2006. The paper’s owner, Gannet Co., has seen plunging stock prices in the past four years, with a 78% drop.
The restructuring includes 130 layoffs and changing the newsroom divisions. Edward Moyer, who writes for CNet’s Digital Media blog, explains the new content structure:
The paper’s main sections — News, Sports, Money, and Life — no longer have separate managing editors. Instead, ‘content rings’ will be led by editors who will be appointed later in the year. The content rings will be labeled Your Life, Travel, Breaking News, Investigative, National, Washington/Economy, World, Environment/Science, Aviation, Personal Finance, Autos, Entertainment, and Tech. In addition, the Sports section has been spun off into its own brand: USA Today Sports.
When USA Today was first launched in 1982, it received both criticism and praise for the way it whittled down news stories into an easy-to-read format. Articles were shorter than standard newspapers, and were accompanied by colorful graphics and photographs — all elements that were unique for the time but have since become more commonplace.
The news agency will now shift its focus to providing content on digital platforms such as USAToday.com and mobile devices. Many of those mobile devices are experimenting with new ways of selling advertising to accompany digital content. “We have to go where the audience is,” USA Today editor John Hillkirk said. “If people are hitting the iPad like crazy, or the iPhone or other mobile devices, we’ve got to be there with the content they want, when they want it.”
Adam Hochberg of Poynter Online writes, “For many former readers, newspapers have become so passé that it’s become hard even to give them away.” Gannet had distribution agreements with many hotel chains that made USA Today available to guests each weekday morning. Fewer guests have been actually reading the paper, however, as hotel rooms become equipped with Internet access, and the guests use their mobile devices which don’t require an Internet connection.
Last year, Marriott International discontinued automatic newspaper delivery in more than 2,600 hotels. That move cost USA Today an estimated 50,000 copies a day from its paid circulation. Marriott was the first hotel chain to partner with Gannett when the paper first launched in the early ’80s. Hochberg provides an interesting perspective on how business travelers in those hotels helped USA Today‘s circulation rise and have now contributed to the cutbacks in his article, “How Business Travelers Contributed to USA Today’s Decline.”
Source: “USA Today gets makeover for mobile world,” CNet, 08/28/10
Source: “USA Today shaking up staff in ‘radical’ overhaul,” Associated Press, 08/27/10
Source: “USA Today Announces Organizational Restructuring,” USA Today press release, 08/27/10
Source: “How Business Travelers Contributed to USA Today’s Decline,” Poynter Online, 09/05/10
Image by TheTruthAbout, used under its Creative Commons license.